Back pain is one of the most common complaints among patients. Many diseases have this unpleasant symptom. In case of back pain, the patient is carefully examined and the appropriate drug for treatment is selected.
Types of pain
The types of pain are differentiated according to the place of occurrence. They occur in the upper and lower parts of the spine, above the lower back, in the lower back, below the lower back. The pain can come on suddenly or be chronic.
They also distinguish between pain in patients under 50 and after 50 years. This separation greatly facilitates diagnosis. Since in the aging body, corresponding processes take place, and pain can be a symptom of age-related diseases. Different drugs are prescribed in different age categories.
Back pain can be of musculoskeletal origin or as a result of injury. Irradiating pain, that is, radiating to the spine, is also studied separately, since they are symptoms of other diseases and conditions. For example, renal colic, PMS and others.
The most common cause of back pain is a disorder of the spine or back muscles. For each type of pain, an appropriate drug or complex of drugs is prescribed.
Lumbago or lumbodynia is pain that occurs suddenly, usually as a result of a heavy load or back injury. It has a sharp, sharp character. Suddenly the patient realizes that he cannot bend or unbend. He is forced to freeze in one position, since the sharp pain does not allow him to change position. People call such sharp back pains a lumbago. They arise in the soft tissues of the lumbar region.
It is difficult for the patient to straighten out, the amplitude of the inclinations gradually decreases. If this symptom is persistent, addiction may occur. This is due to the fact that the deep muscles of the back are included in the process.
In most cases, the symptom indicates the presence of osteochondrosis or intervertebral hernia. There are various medications for treating lumbago, including ointments, gel, or cream with different properties. For lumbago, a local irritant and pain reliever will help.
Back pain during pregnancy
During pregnancy, pain often occurs due to changes in the woman's body, bearing a child. Due to the fact that the load on a woman's spine during pregnancy increases, the center of gravity shifts.
To maintain balance in a new position, pregnant women have to strongly strain their back muscles. The ligamentous apparatus weakens, since the abdominal muscles cannot support the spine as they used to.
Stress, increased anxiety, infections, hypothermia during pregnancy can cause back pain. It is necessary to rest more, not to make sudden movements, maintain immunity, eat right and eliminate stress on the spine. In the later stages, wearing a bandage will help.
It is not recommended to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics. Homeopathic medicine and drug for external use should not be used without consulting a doctor in order to avoid complications of pregnancy.
In addition to examination and detailed interviews, the doctor may prescribe the following types of diagnostics:
- magnetic resonance imaging;
- computed tomography;
- radionucleide scanning of bones.
It is very important to make a diagnosis when pain occurs. For some diseases of the back, for example, rubbing should not be done, and a warming agent should not be used. Based on the results of the study, a diagnosis can be made. Back pain can be symptoms of the following diseases:
- degenerative diseases of the vertebral discs;
- reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis;
- diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperstosis;
- ankylosing spondylitis;
- kidney stones;
- bone cancer;
- pancreas cancer;
- pain relief and treatment.
Pain relievers are used to relieve back pain. You cannot take them for a long time. Anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal drugs may be prescribed to relieve inflammation. Muscle relaxants are needed to reduce muscle tension and relieve pain.
External remedies for pain
Ointments are often used to treat back pain. There are several types of ointments.
- Homeopathic ointments.
- Warming, ointments, gels, creams with a distracting or irritating effect.
- Ointments with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Combined ointments.
Homeopathic ointments or cream contain, in addition to the base, concentrated substances of plant or animal origin. Such a drug stops the destruction of cartilage tissue. It can have anesthetic effect and improve metabolism.
Warming ointments are a very popular remedy for back treatments. They improve blood flow to the inflamed area, thereby providing an analgesic effect. These drugs give good results for lumbago or myalgia.
Anti-inflammatory ointments have an excellent effect on pain relief and inflammation. However, they have more contraindications and side effects than other ointments. They cannot be used for a long time.
Chondroprotectors stimulate the restoration of tissue metabolism, improve muscle and ligament trophism. They have three forms of application: gel, cream or ointment.
Combined ointments are drugs that have additional functions. For example, resorption or thrombolytic effect.
Topical products are convenient and effective at a certain stage. Of course, a drug such as a gel or cream cannot penetrate the bloodstream as much as pills or injections. But at the same time, such funds have fewer side effects.
Ointments are applied to clean, dry skin. Some products require a thin layer. Other products must be rubbed into the skin until completely absorbed.